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By John H. Hann

Whilst Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land zone and have been extra quite a few than the other aboriginal team. this is often their first specific heritage, an incredible research that locations its writer within the vanguard of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the single local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in adequate caliber and volume to allow major learn. counting on formerly unused files, this account of the Timucua strains their adventure from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with quite a few eu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's day trip. He incorporates a particular presentation in their event lower than the project regimes, and covers such subject matters because the Europeans' descriptions of the folks, their language, tradition, and political constructions, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup referred to as the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees throughout the first 1/2 the 18th century.

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Extra resources for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)

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Although Spaniards Page xvi frequently rendered the mission's name as Fée, I will use Fé unless the former appears in a quotation or in a formal listing of the missions. The divergent Spanish and French renderings of the same native names present a special problem. By and large their differing renditions of Timucua names resemble one another closely enough to be identifiable with one another. I have invariably adopted the conventional modern spelling, of Saturiwa, for the leader whom the French identified as Satouriona and the Spaniards as Saturiba or Saturiva.

Ibi was another autonomous inland province in 1602, consisting of five villages containing 700 to 800 people. On the basis of its 14-league distance from San Pedro, Ibi has been identified as "the farthest inland of the southeastern Georgia, eastern Timucua tribes" (Deagan 1978:99; B. López 1602). While the Yufera spoke a dialect bearing their name, the Ibi shared the Icafui or Itafi dialect of the other mainland tribe, the Cascangue (Deagan 1978:91; Granberry 1989:37). The only indications of Tucururu's location are a passing remark that it, like Santa Lucia de Acuera, "belonged to the southern coast" and Swanton's (1922:323) observation that Tucuru was associated with Acuera's Avino mission of 1616 (A.

A late-seventeenth-century document referred to an Alta, or "Upper," Utina without indicating where it was. With only that reference available, one might be tempted to assume that the term "Upper" was attached to Utina on that occasion to distinguish it from the more southerly, or "lower," village on the St. Johns River. That probably was not the case. A few years later another Spaniard alluded to "Upper Timucua'' and "Lower Timucua" in a context that makes it clear that Yustaga was "Upper Timucua" and that "Lower Timucua" embraced Santa Fé and San Francisco Potano, two missions in Alachua County (Nieto de Carbajal 1707).

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