By Patrick Suppes (auth.), Wilfried Sieg (eds.)
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Extra info for Acting and Reflecting: The Interdisciplinary Turn in Philosophy
A. (1969). "Proposed experiment to test local hidden-variable theories," Physical Review Letters, 23, 880-884. E. (1986). Perception with an eye for motion. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. Dembowski, P. (1968). Finite geometries. New York: Springer-Verlag. PHILOSOPHY AND THE SCIENCES 29 Fine, A. (1982). "Hidden variables, joint probability, and the Bell inequalities," Physical Review Letters, 48, 291-295. M. (1964a). "Desarguesian property in visual space," Journal of the Optical Society of America, 54, 684-692.
Philippa Foot gives this example (see Foot 1967). If you do not contribute to the relief of hunger, people will die as a result. We normally think it would be good of people to do something, and perhaps they ought to do something, to relieve hunger. But consider a person who refuses to contribute to famine relief on the grounds that bodies are needed for medical research! That somehow seems worse than just not caring enough about starving people to help out. Why? Because this person acts (or refrains) with the aim or intention that people should die, whereas someone who just does not care has no such aim.
And, once the issue is so conceived, you can have all kinds of lovely squabbles about whether such and such a system or set of systems constitute "partial solutions" or "half-way successes"-all of which gets fairly boring fairly quickly. In my view, we won't really be able to tell how far along any particular work may have been, or even whether it was really "along the way" at all, until we're essentially done, and can look back and gauge the whole path. Of course, throughout the history of psychology, there have been occasional claims that we were essentially done; but I don't think 1986 would be a very good year for such a claim.