By Andrea S. Wiley
Highlighting the jobs of ecology, tradition, background, and political economic system, this publication considers how the original mountain ecology and socio-cultural styles of the Himalayan area of Ladakh give a contribution to a weird trend of toddler mortality. It stresses the burdens of women's paintings during this zone as the most important to start final result. An instance of a brand new style of anthropological paintings referred to as "ethnographic human biology," this learn makes use of the method of human biology yet strongly emphasizes the ethnographic context that offers that means for human organic measures.
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Additional info for An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective
Such a perspective draws heavily on evolutionary theory, which views biological and behavioral outcomes in relation to these environmental characteristics and emphasizes the ways that organisms respond to them to enhance their survival and reproduction. ” Biocultural perspectives have their origins in the human adaptability studies by biological anthropologists in the 1960s and 1970s that were designed to broaden understanding of human biological variation under a variety of ecological conditions.
1988; Yip 1987). Oxygen deprivation in utero could result in impaired fetal growth and compromised birth outcomes, which, in turn, may contribute to high early mortality, although some authors have suggested that they do not (Beall 1981; Wilcox 1993). The negative effect of hypoxia on fetal growth is particularly severe among newcomers to high altitude but is evident to a lesser extent among indigenous populations. Thus, a population’s history in a high-altitude environment appears to affect their reproductive success and the relative severity of its impact, suggesting evidence of adaptive processes at work among longer-term inhabitants (Haas 1980; Moore et al.
Reproduction in Ladakh occurs in an ecological matrix characterized by hypoxia and dramatic seasonal differences in temperature that constrain subsistence. Most Ladakhis practice subsistence agriculture based on various strains of barley, wheat, legumes, potatoes, and a variety of other root vegetables, and many families keep some animals for dairy products and help in plowing and threshing. Agricultural production is labor- and seasonally intensive as there is no mechanization, and both men and women work hard at agricultural tasks, especially between April and October (Osmaston 1994).