By Robert A. Pollak
This e-book explores the vital matters concerned with bridging the distance among the natural idea of patron habit and its empirical implementation. The theoretical place to begin is the ordinary static, one-period, application maximizing version within which the shopper allocates a hard and fast price range between competing different types of products. The authors concentration upon 4 problems with fundamental significance in empirical call for research: the constitution of personal tastes, the remedy of demographic variables, therapy of dynamics, and the specification of the stochastic constitution of the call for method.
By Lester G. Telser
This publication appears to be like at pageant in a brand new manner. It assaults the suggestion that pageant continually ends up in stable effects and that extra festival is best. It additionally assaults the thought that cooperation is often damaging. an effective financial equilibrium calls for an optimum mixture of either cooperation and competition. Telser first examines the genesis of yes past due nineteenth-century legislation that affected festival within the usa. happening to provide new theoretical insights into cooperation and competition, he indicates whilst unrestricted festival may end up in an effective equilibrium, in addition to whilst regulations on pageant gives you for a similar. The tensions among those forces are in particular pertinent to the examine of innovation--the extra expensive it truly is to guard the valuables rights of principles, the better is the reliance on secrecy, and for that reason, the much more likely is the wasteful duplication of effects.
By Robert J. Marzano, Mark W. Haystead
Has the criteria stream within the usa ended in greater school room guide and powerful review? In too many circumstances, the answer's no. As authors Robert J. Marzano and Mark W. Haystead clarify, significant purposes account for this case: kingdom and nationwide criteria files as a rule determine way more content material than academics can truly train in the course of a faculty yr, and the criteria aren't written in a way that helps potent guide and review. In Making criteria precious within the school room, Marzano and Haystead current how to convert criteria records right into a structure that academics can really use to lead guideline and to create significant formative tests. partly I of this sensible consultant, lecturers, directors, and curriculum experts will locate solutions to questions reminiscent of those: * What are the stairs to keep on with in unpacking and rewriting criteria in order that they are invaluable for lecture room teachers?* what's a dimension subject and how much content material may still it contain? * How can size issues be geared up right into a coherent procedure for studying and assessment?* Why is averaging a improper process for calculating grades?* what's the most sensible solution to verify studying and make certain a grade that thoroughly represents scholars development in wisdom and talent? half II of the booklet contains scoring scales with pattern dimension subject matters for language arts, math, technology, and social stories for kindergarten via eighth grade, and pattern size issues for all times abilities for kindergarten via twelfth grade. utilizing the samples as a advisor, districts and colleges can create their very own structures for translating criteria into precious elements of potent guide and formative evaluation that actually force pupil studying.
By Major, USAF, John A. Daniels, Air University Press
The present USAF procedure for setting up C-130 PDM periods doesn't account for the wide variety of plane variables inside of every one airplane MDS. This paper develops an analytical version that C-130 maintainers can use to forecast whilst a C-130 plane calls for PDM. The version relies on 5 exact plane variables: 1) plane age, 2) overall flying hours, three) standard every year flying hours, four) challenge profile (expressed as a severity factors), and five) working position of the plane. Interviews with C-130 SPO team of workers, mixed with using the C-130 provider lifestyles info Base, supplied the mandatory info for constructing the C-130 PDM period version. The C-130 PDM period version built during this paper permits maintainers and operators to foretell the optimal time among C-130 PDM actions. It gets rid of the requirement to base PDM durations on airplane MDS. for that reason, there's a strength for major reductions via deferring PDM for a element of the C-130 fleet. ultimately, the PDM period version built during this paper could be appropriate for different division of safety plane for which MDS is used is the determinant of PDM periods.